The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on Friday, November 9, 2018 invited experts and governments to review the Second Order Drafts of two Special Reports that will be launched next year.
The Expert and Government Review for the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (SROCC) takes place between November 16, 2018 and January 11, 2019. The Special Report on Climate Change and Land (SRCCL) can be reviewed from November 19, 2018 to January 14, 2019.
The two reports, to be finalised in the second half of 2019, follow the Special Report on “Global Warming of 1.5ºC”, which was released on October 8.
All IPCC reports go through multiple stages of formal review. After the Expert Review of the First Order Draft, the Second Order Draft is produced and reviewed by both governments and experts alongside a first draft of the Summary for Policymakers (SPM). Once the second round of review comments have been considered, governments review the Final Draft of the report and offer comments on the SPM.
Finally, governments meet to approve the SPM line by line and accept the underlying report. The thorough review process ensures that IPCC reports consider objectively the full range of scientific, technical and socio-economic information from around the world.
Expert Reviewers, according to the IPCC, can register with a self-declaration of expertise up to a week before the end of the review period.
- to review the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate:
- to review the Special Report on Climate Change and Land:
For the “IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate” (SROCC), more than 100 scientists from more than 30 countries are assessing the latest scientific knowledge about the physical science basis and impacts of climate change on ocean, coastal, polar and mountain ecosystems, and the human communities that depend on them. Their vulnerabilities as well as adaptation capacities are also evaluated. Options for achieving climate-resilient development pathways will be presented.
The SROCC is prepared under the joint scientific leadership of Working Group I and Working Group II, with operational support from the Working Group II Technical Support Unit. It will be launched in September 2019.
“Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems” (SRCCL) assess topics such as the interactions between climate change and desertification, land degradation, food security, sustainable land management, and opportunities and risks associated with land-based adaptation and mitigation responses to climate change.
The SRCCL is being developed under the joint scientific leadership of Working Groups I, II and III and the Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, with operational support from the Working Group III Technical Support Unit. It will be launched in August 2019.