Ahead of the UK’s Foreign Secretary co-hosting a high-level United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) event on Wednesday, September 30, 2020 with the World Health Organisation (WHO), the UN Secretary-General and South Africa on COVAX, UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, has said that the world must overcome the extraordinary divisions created by coronavirus and unite to defeat the pandemic.
COVAX is a new initiative designed to distribute a COVID-19 vaccine across the world.
In his virtual address to the Assembly on Saturday, September 26, Johnson announced a series of new measures to help lead the world out of the crisis and set out an ambitious five-point plan to prevent future pandemics.
The plan, developed in consultation with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and The Wellcome Trust, starts with a proposal to develop a worldwide network of “zoonotic hubs” to identify dangerous pathogens before they leap from animals to humans, as COVID-19 is believed to have done.
Other measures include boosting manufacturing capacity for treatments and vaccines, improving pandemic early warning systems, agreeing global protocols for health crises and removing trade barriers.
The Prime Minister also announced significant new investment in COVAX, the international COVID-19 vaccines procurement pool. The UK will contribute an initial £71 million to secure purchase rights for up to 27 million vaccine doses for the UK population. This complements other initiatives by the Government to procure any coronavirus vaccine that proves to be safe and effective.
Alongside the domestic investment, the UK will commit £500 million in aid funding for the COVAX Advance Market Commitment, a facility to help 92 of the world’s poorest countries access a coronavirus vaccine. The funding will support developing countries in tackling the virus and help to halt the global spread of the pandemic, keeping us all safer.
At the UN General Assembly on Saturday, September 26, the Prime Minister said: “After nine months of fighting Covid, the very notion of the international community looks tattered.
“We know that we cannot continue in this way. Unless we unite and turn our fire against our common foe, we know that everyone will lose.
“Now is the time therefore – here at what I devoutly hope will be the first and last ever Zoom UNGA – for humanity to reach across borders and repair these ugly rifts.”
“Here in the UK, the birthplace of Edward Jenner who pioneered the world’s first vaccine, we are determined to do everything in our power to work with our friends across the UN to heal those divisions and to heal the world.”
To ensure the world is match-fit for other global health crises, the Prime Minister also announced the UK’s pledge of £340 million over the next four years to the World Health Organisation’s global operations including the WHO Nigeria – an increase of 30 per cent from the previous four-year period, making Britain one of the largest donors.
Funding for the WHO will support its vital work in fighting threats to our health worldwide. It will also help to fund an in-depth review into the origins of coronavirus and the implementation of necessary reforms to ensure the WHO is flexible and responsive in future emergencies.
Boris Johnson pledged to use the UK’s G7 presidency next year to work with the UK’s global partners to implement the five-point plan, which represents an innovative new approach to preventing global health crises. The proposals he made yesterday are:
- Set up a worldwide network of zoonotic research hubs to spot a new pandemic before it starts. About 60 percent of the pathogens circulating in the human population originated in animals and leapt from one species to the other in a “zoonotic” transmission. Zoonotic research centres would be charged with spotting dangerous animal pathogens before they cross the species barrier and infect human beings.
- Develop manufacturing capacity for treatments and vaccines. A strong manufacturing capability, in the UK and around the world, will mean tried and tested treatments and vaccines can be held ready to deploy against emerging threats.
- Design a global pandemic early warning system to predict a coming health crisis. This would require a vast expansion of our ability to collect and analyse samples and distribute the findings, using health data-sharing agreements covering every country.
- Agree global protocols ready for a future health emergency. In the coronavirus pandemic, countries have fought 193 different campaigns against the same enemy. A common set of protocols, covering everything from information sharing to PPE supplies, would allow us to respond more cohesively and effectively.
- Reduce the trade barriers which have impeded the coronavirus response. Many countries imposed export controls at the outset of the pandemic, about two thirds of which remain in force. Tariffs on key goods like soap can exceed 30 percent. The UK has committed to lifting tariffs on many COVID-critical products from January 1.
In addition to addressing global health issues at UNGA, the Prime Minister is urging international action on climate change and biodiversity. He will address two UNGA events on biodiversity next week.