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Tuesday, October 3, 2023

Cooperation key to solving climate crisis, says report

New report from diverse coalition reveals what governments must do to achieve Paris Agreement goals

Bill McKibben, co-founder of 350.org, one of the numerous groups that endorsed the report. Photo credit: Nancie Battaglia
Bill McKibben, co-founder of 350.org, one of the numerous groups that endorsed the report. Photo credit: Nancie Battaglia

As government ministers meet in Marrakech to assess global ambition towards addressing climate change in the near-term, a diverse coalition of social movements, environmental and development NGOs, trade unions, and faith groups on Friday released a startling new report, titled: “Setting the Path towards 1.5°C: A Civil Society Equity Review of pre-2020 Ambition.” The report says the Paris Agreement’s aspirational temperature limit of 1.5°C can only be met if governments take immediate action in the next four years to speed up the pace of cutting emissions.

The report is a follow up to 2015’s “A Civil Society Equity Review”, which assessed countries’ Paris commitments – their pledged emissions reductions post-2020 – against their “fair share” of such reductions, based on each country’s responsibility for causing climate change, and capability to help solve the problem.

“Setting the Path towards 1.5°C” looks at the short term, reviewing countries’ pre-2020 emissions reductions and climate finance pledges. It finds that, in aggregate, developed countries, in spite of having a larger fair share of emissions reductions than developing countries, are offering much lower levels of ambition, while developing countries are much closer to meeting their fair share if they fulfil their most ambitious pledges.

Globally, the report finds that that only 30-44% of the mitigation needed in 2020 to achieve the 1.5°C limit has been pledged. Without much greater levels of emissions cuts in the pre-2020 years, action in the post-2020 years will have to be much more ambitious and costly than is feasible, adds the report.

In fact, the report asserts that, for a scenario in which the world limits overall warming to 1.5°C, many developed countries have fair shares that are larger than could be met domestically. These countries can only meet their fair shares by providing money for additional emissions cuts in developing countries. Only with massive international cooperation – that makes it possible for developing countries to go way beyond their fair shares – can the global climate crisis be solved.


Governments cannot leave Marrakesh without Setting the Path towards 1.5°C

Beyond highlighting the urgent need to increase ambition and cooperation, the report prescribes a comprehensive set of recommendations, many aimed at the ongoing talks in Marrakech, dubbed an “Action COP,” and in particular the High-Level “Facilitative Dialogue” that is supposed to take an honest look into how to beef up the inadequate pre-2020 efforts. Among the recommendations:

  • Developed countries must deliver their fair share of public climate finance to enable transformation across all sectors in the effort to limit warming to 1.5°C, and help communities adapt to even that degree of warming.
  • G20 governments must take action now to phase out fossil-fuel production subsidies, and terminate public support for fossil exploration.
  • Bilateral and multilateral support for energy development must prioritise access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy.
  • Governments must increase the national targets to reduce emissions that they submitted before Paris.
  • A renewable energy partnership should be established to spur a race to the top; organise an ambitious and properly financed system to resource global renewable energy initiatives; and organise similar partnerships across other sectors, such as public transport, housing and agriculture.
  • All sectors of society must be engaged in these efforts, including women, workers, youth, indigenous peoples, local communities, and migrants.

The following groups, organisations and movements are signatories to the 2016 Report “Setting the Path Towards 1.5°C: A Civil Society Equity Review of Pre-2020 Ambition.”



ACT Alliance

ActionAid International

Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)

Christian Aid


Corporate Accountability International.

Friends of the Earth International

Global Catholic Climate Movement

Heinrich Böll Foundation

IBON International

International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)

LDC Watch International

Oil Change International

Third World Network

What Next? Forum



Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development

Asian Peoples Movement on Debt and Development

Catholic Youth Network for Environmental Sustainability in Africa (CYNESA)

Centro Alexander von Humboldt

Climate Action Network South Asia

Horn of Africa Regional Environmental Network

LDC News Service

Migrant Forum in Asia

Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA)

South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE)

South Asia Food Sovereignty Network

South Asia Peasants Coalition

Young Friends of the Earth Europe



Actions en faveur de l’Homme et de la Nature, Côte d’Ivoire

APEDDUB, Tunisia

Climate & Sustainable Development Network of Nigeria

Climate Action Network Uganda


Energy Democracy Initiative, South Africa

Health of Mother Earth Foundation (HOMEF), Nigeria

Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, South Africa

Ivory Coast Climate Change Network – PACJA Chapter

Labour, Health and Human Rights Development Centre, Nigeria

MAUDESCO, Mauritius

Pesticide Action Network (PANeM), Mauritius

Project 90 by 2030, South Africa

Reseau sur le Changement Climatique RDC; DR.Congo Climate Change Network (RCC-RDC)

Somali Climate Change Network

Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development



#PowerShiftMsia, Malaysia

Aksi! for gender, social and ecological justice, Indonesia

Aksyon Klima, Philippines

All Nepal National Free Student Union (ANNFSU)

All Nepal Peasants Federation

All Nepal Women Association

Archdiocese of Manila Ministry on Ecology-national, Philippines

Beyond Beijing Committee (BBC), Nepal

Campaign for Climate Justice Nepal

Campaign for Good Governance (SUPRO), Bangladesh

Catholic Stewards of Creation, Philippines

CEED – Center for Ecology and Economic Development, Philippines

Center for Disaster Preparedness, Philippines

Center for Environmental Justice (CEJ) / Friends of the Earth Sri Lanka

Center for Socio-Economic Research and Development Nepal (CERDN)

Centre for Technology and Development, India

Civic Concern Nepal (CCN)

Climate Watch Thailand

Coastal Association for Social Transformation (COAST), Bangladesh

Coastal Women’s Movement, India

Digo Bikas Institute, Nepal

Ecology Collective Association, Turkey

Environics Trust, India

Environmental Protection Society Malaysia

Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD)

Freedom from Debt Coalition, Philippines

GITIB, Philippines

Greenovation Hub, China

Himalaya Niti Abhiyan India 

Indian Social Action Forum – INSAF

Jagaran Nepal

Koalisi Rakyat untuk Hak atas Air (KRUHA), Indonesia

Madani – Indonesia

Malaysian Nature Society

Mom Loves Taiwan Association

National Women Peasants Association, Nepal

National Women’s Movement, India

Nepal Youth Peasants Association, Nepal

Pakistan Fisherfolk Forum

Pambansang Koalisyon ng Pabahay, Philippines

Partnership for Clean Air (PCA), Philippines

Philippine Movement for Climate Justice (PMCJ)

Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM), Philippines

Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN)

SANLAKAS, Philippines

Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP)

Tax and Fiscal Justice Alliance – Nepal (TFJAN)

Tax and Fiscal Justice Alliance, Nepal

The NGO Forum on Cambodia

VOICE, Bangladesh

WomanHealth Philippines

Women Welfare Society (WWS), Nepal

World March of Women, Nepal

Youth Federation Nepal (YFN)

Zo Indigenous Forum, India



10:10, United Kingdom

11.11.11, Belgium

Amigos de la Tierra – Friends of the Earth Spain

An Taisce – The National Trust for Ireland

Attac France

Climate Revolution, United Kingdom

Ecologistas en Acción, Spain

HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

HOPE not hate, United Kingdom


Jordens Vänner – Friends of the Earth Sweden

Maan ystävät ry – Friends of the Earth Finland

Milieudefensie – Friends of the Earth Netherlands

Naturvernforbundet – Friends of the Earth Norway

Oil Vay: Jewish Climate Action Network, United Kingdom

Oxford Climate Policy, United Kingdom

Rainforest Foundation Norway

Right to Remain, United Kingdom

Stop Climate Chaos Coalition, Ireland

UK Youth Climate Coalition

United Kingdom Without Incineration Network (UKWIN)


Latin America

Aclimatando, Argentina

Asociacion Ambiente y sociedad, Colombia

Engajamundo, Brazil

Movimiento Ciudadano frente al Cambio Climático – MOCICC, Perú


North America

Association québécoise de lutte contre la pollution atmosphérique (AQLPA), Canada

Brighter Green, United States

Canadian Interfaith Fast for the Climate

Canadian Unitarians for Social Justice

Canadian Voice of Women for Peace

Canadian Youth Climate Coalition

Center for Biological Diversity, United States

Church World Service, United States

Climate Action Network Canada – Réseau action climat Canada

Climate Action NOW, Canada

ClimateFast, Canada

David Suzuki Foundation, Canada

Development and Peace – Caritas Canada

Earth in Brackets (EIB), United States

EcoEquity, United States

Environmental Defence Canada

ENvironnement JEUnesse, Canada

Friends of the Earth Canada

Green 13, Canada

Green Neighbours 21, Canada

Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, United States

Institute for Policy Studies, United States

Physicians for Social Responsibility- Philadelphia, United States

Sierra Youth Coalition, Canada

Stop Line 9 Toronto, Canada

Sustainability and Education Policy Network, Canada


The Alabama Center for Rural Enterprise (ACRE), United States

The Climate Justice Project, United States

Tipping Point Collective

Transition Initiative Kenora, Canada

Windfall Ecology Centre, Canada

World Federalist Movement – Canada



Aotearoa New Zealand Human Rights Lawyers Association

Blacktown & District Environment Group, Australia

Climate Action Monaro, Australia

Climate and Health Alliance, Australia

Climate Change Balmain-Rozelle, Australia

Climate Justice Program, Australia

Human Rights Foundation Aotearoa New Zealand

New Zealand Climate Action Network

New Zealand College of Public Health Medicine

OraTaiao: New Zealand Climate & Health Council

P3 Foundation, New Zealand

Pacific Calling Partnership (Edmund Rice Centre), Australia

Parramatta Climate Action Network, Australia

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