The Republic of Moldova has ratified the Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, making it the 42nd nation to do so.
The eastern European country and former Soviet republic deposited its instruments of ratification on Monday, July 30, 2018. It will enter into force on Oct 28, 2018.
The Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was adopted by the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on October 15, 2010.
In accordance with its Article 17, the Supplementary Protocol was opened for signature on March 7, 2011 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York by Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. It remained open for signature until March 6, 2012.
The Supplementary Protocol entered into force on March 5, 2018, the 90th day after the date of deposit of the 40th instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. It was adopted on January 29, 2000 and entered into force on September 11, 2003. Some 171 countries have so far ratified it.
Nigeria signed the Supplementary Protocol on February 1, 2012 but is yet to ratify it.