The African civil society has expressed reservations regarding what it terms efforts by the European Union and France to takeover the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI), a supposed African-owned and African-led initiative that was endorsed by all 55 African Heads of State to scale up renewable energy on the energy-starved continent.
The AREI was launched by the African governments with the support of African citizens during COP21 in Paris, with the goal to provide at least 10 billion watts (10GW) of new and additional renewable energy to Africa’s peoples by 2020, and put the continent on course to add at least another 300 GW and achieve universal access to energy for all Africans by 2030. It was supported by $10 billion in pledges for 2015-2020 by developed countries in Paris.
AREI, as defined in its framework, principles and work plans, is meant to aligned with African values of people-centred approaches, community rights, equity and a bold vision of Africa taking a global lead towards flourishing societies powered by clean and renewable energy.
Since Paris, an Independent Delivery Unit (IDU) was set up to deliver in accordance with AREI’s people-centred principles and approaches. The expectation was that a Board with Heads of State representing each African sub-region would be established, supported by a technical committee involving broad representation and participation by civil society.
However, there are fears that AREI’s integrity and promise of bringing light and energy to Africa’s people is now being threatened by the efforts of the European Union and France for what the CSOs term “premature undue approval” of projects not related to Africa, and seeming attempts to co-opt the initiative to serve European ends, supported by a small handful of Africans.
It was gathered that, at a Board Meeting convened recently in Conakry, Guinea on Saturday, March 4 2017, the European Union and France:
- Publicly “announced the preparation of 19 new renewable energy projects, with a total potential investment of €4.8 billion” – when they are actually claiming to provide 1/16th or €0.3 billion of this amount, not all of which is for “new projects” or even for “renewable energy”, and with no clarity whether any of these are “additional’” efforts.
- Managed to have rammed through the Board for adoption these partly EU-funded projects, despite the express objections from some African countries and institutions, and contrary to the principles of African ownership that would expect project priorities and proposals to stem directly from African countries.
- Ignored and bypassed AREI’s own evaluation process in accordance to its criteria – developed with African and northern government, civil society and other stakeholder inputs. These require all projects be assessed in line with AREI social, environmental, gender and other principles and safeguards before any approvals can be made.
- Claiming Board memberships when they seem to have only been invited to the meetings and contrary to the idea there should be one developing and one developed non-African country in the Board.
- Pushed for the imposition of EU technical experts to supposedly take control of AREI core documents to be consistent with European interests
The group stated: “All the above seems to have caused the Head of the Independent Delivery Unit, a prominent and well-respected African (Youba Sokona), to declare his resignation. These actions have been enabled by one or two African states while the interests of the majority of States, and of Africans, have been set aside.
“While we acknowledge that the EU has scaled up support for African renewables since COP21 in Paris, these most recent behaviours are completely unacceptable. Recycling existing projects as ‘new’ ones for AREI virtually ensures it will fail to meet its goal of 10 billion watts of ‘new and additional renewable energy generation capacity by 2020’, leaving Africans in the dark.
“Listing projects in numerous African countries without their consent means these countries may miss out on genuinely new and additional resources from AREI in the future, undermining the legitimate expectations of those countries and their people.
“These carefully staged interferences in Africa’s institutions threaten not merely the potential of AREI to deliver new renewable energy, they call into question the independence and sanctity of African governance arrangements, including the African Union.
“Based on these concerns, we call on all African States, leaders and people to demand genuinely people-centred renewable energy for Africa, building on the great model set out by AREI and endorsed by all African countries.”
The group has thus made the following demands:
- That the European Union and France step aside and abandon any aspirations to have seats as Board members, and ensure AREI remains African-led and African-owned. AREI must be run by Africans for Africans. Interference in African governance belongs to another era.
- Full accountability, transparency and participation must be provided for African states and for civil society in all aspects of AREI. The Initiative cannot and must not become a tool for one or two African States to benefit themselves or their European counterparts.
- That any ‘endorsement’ by the Board of the 19 existing EU projects is indefinitely suspended until a thorough review against AREI Criteria, environmental and social safeguards, prior informed consent by the States and citizens concerned, and active civil society participation are undertaken. It must be for individual African states and people, not the EU, to propose projects to AREI.
- That all further funding and projects through AREI be genuinely “new and additional” to ensure the delivery of real outcomes for our people, with no more accounting tricks, and to ensure that developed countries are accountable and meet their financial obligations.
- That active participation by all civil society constituencies is ensured at all levels of AREI including its governing bodies, its workplan and project development, and project implementation on the ground.
- That African countries immediately take action to put AREI back on track and ensure full independence for the Independent Delivery Unit from donors, the African Development Bank and other third parties, and the reinstatement of its Head.
“We call for all partners in government, academia, faith-based, labour, gender, environmental, community-based organisations, national coalitions and regional and international networks to join us in championing a truly African-led and people-centred approach to renewable energy on our continent. AREI needs to succeed,” declared the group.
In a reaction, Mithika Mwenda, Secretary General of the Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA), said: “This hijack by the EU and France threatens to undermine the values that AREI stand for. The social and environmental criteria to protect communities’ interests are at risk. African leadership of the initiative is being undermined. And the financial pledges made at COP22 will be worthless if the EU only plan to re-brand pre-existing projects as finance for AREI.
“Not only are AREI, its vision and promise at stake, but the belief that it is possible to pursue bold, people-centred, transformative change that does not get corrupted.
“What happened in Conakry is disheartening. But we now have a clear opportunity to re-assert the great values and principles behind AREI, and to raise attention and necessary pressure to reclaim the initiative. We have to mobilise civil society and African countries. We have to create the conditions for Sokona to come back and continue the work, in collaboration with civil society and others, to make AREI’s bold visions come true.”