A team of civil society organisations is kicking against the proposed Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture, saying that it will not deliver the urgently-needed solutions
We, the undersigned civil society organisations, hereby manifest our rejection of the proposed Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture to be launched at the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Change Leaders’ Summit. This proposed alliance is a deceptive and deeply contradictory initiative.
Food producers and providers – farmers, fisherfolk and pastorlists – together with our food systems are on the front lines of climate change. We know that urgent action must be taken to cool the planet, to help farming systems – and particularly small-scale farmers – adapt to a changing climate, and to revive and reclaim the agroecological systems on which future sustainable food production depends.
The Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture, however, will not deliver the solutions that we so urgently need. Instead, “climate-smart” agriculture provides a dangerous platform for corporations to implement the very activities we oppose. By endorsing the activities of the planet’s worst climate offenders in agribusiness and industrial agriculture, the Alliance will undermine the very objectives that it claims to aim for.
Although some organisations have constructively engaged in good faith for several months with the Alliance to express serious concerns, the concerns have been ignored. Instead, the Alliance is clearly being structured to serve big business interests, not to address the climate crisis.
We reject “climate-smart” agriculture and the Global Alliance for a number of reasons already articulated in previous efforts to interface with the promoters, including:
1. No environmental or social criteria
The final framework of the Alliance does not contain any criteria or definitions for what can – or cannot – be considered “climate-smart agriculture.” Industrial approaches that increase greenhouse gas emissions and farmers’ vulnerability by driving deforestation, using genetically modified (GM) seeds, increasing synthetic fertiliser use or intensifying industrial livestock production, are all apparently welcome to use the “climate-smart” label to promote their practices as solutions to climate change.
2. Carbon trading
The originators of “climate-smart” agriculture – the FAO and the World Bank – have a vision that “climate-smart” projects will be funded in part by carbon offset schemes. Many of our groups question the environmental and social integrity of carbon offsetting. Carbon sequestration in soils is not permanent and is easily reversible, and should be especially excluded from schemes to offset emissions. Carbon offset schemes in agriculture will create one more driver of land dispossession of smallholder farmers, particularly in the Global South, and unfairly place the burden of mitigation on those who are most vulnerable to, but have least contributed to, the climate crisis.
3. A new space for promoting agribusiness and industrial agriculture
Companies with activities resulting in dire social impacts on farmers and communities, such as those driving land grabbing or promoting GM seeds, already claim that they are “climate-smart.” Yara (the world’s largest fertilizer manufacturer), Syngenta (GM seeds), McDonald’s, and Walmart are all at the “climate-smart” table. Climate-smart agriculture will serve as a new promotional space for the planet’s worst social and environmental offenders in agriculture. The proposed Global Alliance on Climate-Smart Agriculture seems to be yet another strategy by powerful players to prop up industrial agriculture, which undermines the basic human right to food. It is nothing new, nothing innovative, and not what we need.
We do urgently need climate action! Unfortunately, the Alliance seriously misses the mark. Real climate solutions are already out there in farmers’ fields – based on agroecological practices and the relocalisation of food systems to effectively fight hunger. Instead of creating one more body for business-as-usual, governments, funding agencies, and international organisations should be taking bold action: committing to shift resources away from climate-damaging practices of chemical-intensive industrial agriculture and meat production and towards investment in and commitment to agroecology, food sovereignty, and support to small-scale food producers.
The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development concluded in 2008 that business-as-usual in agriculture is not an option; instead, a thorough and radical overhaul of present international and agricultural policies is essential to meet the challenges of the future.
We reject the Global Alliance as one more step by a small percentage of the UN’s total membership to promote industrial agriculture against all the evidence of its destructive impacts on people, biodiversity, seed, water, soils, and climate. It is merely one more attempt to block the real change needed to fix our broken food systems and our broken climate, change which instead must be based on food sovereignty and agroecological approaches for agriculture and food production and the effective reduction of greenhouse gases.
International Organisations & Farmers’ Movements: ActionAid International, Centro de Estudios Internacionales y de Agricultura Internacional (CERAI), CIDSE, Coalition pour la Protection du Patrimoine Genetique African (COPAGEN), Corporate Europe Observatory, Earth in Brackets, Foro Rural Mundial (FRM), Friends of the Earth International, IBON International, Inades-Formation, International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), International-Lawyers.Org (INTLawyers), GRET, LDC Watch, Mesa de Coordinación Latinoamericana de Comercio Justo, Send a Cow, South Asia Alliance for Poverty Eradication (SAAPE), South Asia Peasants Coalition and Third World Network
National Organisations & Farmers’ Movements: Abalimi Bezekhaya (Farmers of Hope), South Africa; ACRA-CCS Foundation, Italy; Action Contre la Faim, France; Africa Europe Faith & Justice Network (AEFJN), Brussels; Agrosolidaria Federacion el Tambo Cauca, Colombia; Alliance International sur les OMD (AIOMD), Niger; All Nepal Peasants Federation (ANPFa), Nepal; Antenne Nationale du Niger (AAIOMD-Niger); Asemblea Nacional Ambiental (ANA), República Dominicana; Asociacion de Prosumidores Agroecologicos “Agrosolidaria Seccional Viani” Colombia; Asociacion Nacional de Produtores Ecologistas del Peru (ANPE); Asociacion Viva Amazonica de San Martin, Peru; Association Malienne pour la Sécurité et la Souverainté Alimentaires (AMASSA); Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication (BNNRC); Beyond Copenhagen, India; Biofuelwatch, UK; Biowatch South Africa; Bolivian Platform on Climate Change, Bolivia; Campaign for Climate Justice Nepal (CCJN); Carbon Market Watch, Belgium; CCFD-Terre Solidaire, France; Centre for community economics and development consultants society (CECOEDECON), India; Cecosesola, Barquisimeto, Venezuela; Centre d’Actions et de Réalisations Internationales (CARI), France; Centre for Learning on Sustainable Agriculture (ILEIA), the Netherlands; Community Development Association (CDA), Bangladesh; Community Empowerment for Progress Organization (CEPO), South Sudan; CONCEPT ONG, Sénégal; EcoFrut, Colombia; EcoNexus, UK; Equity and Justice Working Group Bangladesh (EquityBD); Family Farmers’ Association, UK; Farm & Garden Trust, South Africa; Farms Not Factories, UK; Féderation des Eglises Evangéliques des Frères (FEEF), the Central African Republic; Federacion Nacional de Cooperativas Agropecuarias y Agroindustriales de Nicaragua (FENACOOP); Find Your Feet, UK; Food First Information and Action Network (FIAN) Nepal; Forum des Femmes Africaines pour l’Education (FAWECOM), Comoros; Friends of Siberian Forests, Russia; Friends of the Earth – England, Wales & Northern Ireland; Friends of the Earth – Latvia; Fundación Caminos de Indentidad (FUCAI) Colombia; Fundación Lonxanet para la Pesca Sostenible, Spain; Fundación Solidaridad, Bolivia; Harvest of Hope, South Africa; Gramya Resource Centre for Women, India; Groupe d’Action de Paix et de Formation pour la Transformation (GAPAFOT), Central African Republic; Human Rights (HR) Alliance, Nepal; Human Rights Organisation of Bhutan (HUROB); INHURED International, Nepal; Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP), USA; Instituto de Cultura Popular, Argentina; Jagaran Nepal; Jubilee South Asia/Pacific Movement on Debt and Development (JSAPMDD), Philippines; Karnataka State Red Gram Growers Association, India; Labour, Health and Human Rights Development Centre, Nigeria; L’Association des Jeunes Filles Pour la Promotion de l’Espace Francophone (Membre du CNOSCG), Republic of Guinea; MADGE Australia; MASIPAG, Philippines; National Civic Forum, Sudan; National Federation of Youth Organisations in Bangladesh; National Network on Right to Food, Nepal (RtFN); Organización Casa de Semillas Criollas Atenas, Costa Rica; Pakistan Fisher Folk Forum (PFF), Pakistan; Partners for the Land & Agricultural Needs of Traditional Peoples (PLANT), USA; People’s Alliance of Central-East India (PACE-India); PHE Ethiopia Consortium; Plateforme Haïtienne de Plaidoyer pour un Développement Alternatif (PAPDA), Haïti; Plateforme pour le Commerce Equitable, France; Public Advocacy Initiatives for Rights and Values in India (PAIRVI); Red Ecologista Autónoma de la Cuenca de México; Red Nicaraguense de Comercio Comunitario (RENICC); Red Peruana de Comercio Justo y Consumo Ético, Perú; Rural Reconstruction Nepal (RRN); SADF ONG, Democratic Republic of Congo; Sanayee Development Organisation, Afghanistan; Secours Catholique (Caritas), France; SOCDA (Somali Organization for Community Development Activities); Sudan Peace and Education Development Program (SPEDP), South Sudan; Texas Drought Project, USA; Unión Nacional de Agricultores y Ganaderos de Nicaragua (UNAG); Unión LatinoAmerica de Technicos Rurales y Agrarios, Argentina; UK Food Group, UK; Vicaria del Sur, Diócesis de Florencia, Colombia; Voluntary Action for the fight against climate change and the adverse effects of Sulfur Diesel, (AVOCHACLISD), Burundi; World Development Movement, UK; and, Youth Network for MDGs, Madagascar